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Grand Canal History

The Grand Canal

The Grand Canal otherwise known as Beijing Hangzhou Grand Canal is the largest manmade waterways of the world. In 2014 the Grand Canal was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site with 58 historical attractions. The Grand Canal dates back to the Spring and Autumn Period (771-476 BC) and is 1,776 kilometers in length. The canal starts in Beijing and passes through Tianjin, Hebei, Shandong, Jiangsu and Zhejiang Province with Hangzhou being the final destination.

Although the Grand Canal originally dates back to the Spring and Autumn Period, the majority of the canal that is seen today was interconnected during the Sui Dynasty (581-618). The majority of the Grand Canal in Zhejiang and Jiangsu Province today was constructed during the Sui Dynasty. The purpose of the Grand Canal was to transport grains from the north to the southern cities. In the year 600 a large scale section of the Grand Canal was completed linking Suzhou and the Huai River. From 604-609 the Grand Canal was complete connecting Luoyang to Yangzhou then expanding south to Hangzhou and north to Beijing.

Grand Canal Night Boat Trip: 80 Yuan

Night Boat Trip Hours: 7:30PM - 8:30PM

The Hangzhou section of the Grand Canal is one of the best for visiting scenic attractions. There are some top attractions of the Hangzhou Grand Canal that you should definitely put time aside to visit.
Xiangji Temple

Xiangji Temple

Xiangji Temple was built during the Northern Song Dynasty (978) and was originally named Xingfu Temple and was praised as the most popular temple along the Grand Canal. The temple was destroyed in the Yuan Dynasty due to war. Xiangji Temple was reconstructed in the Ming Dynasty and was one of the three largest Buddhist temples of Hangzhou. Under the reign of Emperor Kangxi of the Qing Dynasty (1713) two pagodas were built, however in 1968 the west pagoda collapsed and today only the east pagoda remains. Xiangji Temple was closed for renovation in 2009 and was complete in 2010.

Xiangji Temple

Hangzhou Arts and Crafts Museum

China Knife, Scissor and Sword Museum is made up of two sections, knives and swords are in section one and scissors are in a section of their own. The exhibition details of the evolvement and culture of knives, swords and scissors.

Opening Hours:
9:00AM-4:00PM (Tuesday – Sunday)

Address:
No.336 Xiaohe Road, Gongshu District, Hangzhou

Xiangji Temple

China Umbrella Museum

The China Umbrella Museum is situated in West Gongchen Bridge Historic Culture Block. The origins and meaning behind the umbrella have always been talked about in legends and Chinese folklore. The China Umbrella Museum is filled with umbrellas from different periods of Chinese history and demonstrates the change in craftsmanship and design of the umbrella.

Opening Hours:
9:00AM-4:00PM (Tuesday – Sunday)

Address:
No.336 Xiaohe Road, Gongshu District, Hangzhou

Xiangji Temple

China Fan Museum

The China Fan Museum is the only fan museum in China and has a range of classic fans on display. The Chinese culture of fans has a long history in China and within the museum there is an area dedicated to the history, culture and development of the fan.

Opening Hours:
9:00AM-4:00PM (Tuesday – Sunday)

Address:
No.450 Xiaohe Road, Gongshu District, Hangzhou