Zhejiang Province, situated in the southeastern coastal area of China, is located the south of the Yangtze River Delta and the west of the East Sea. It neighbors Jiangsu province and Shanghai Municipality in the north, Anhui province in the northwest, Jiangxi province in the west and Fujian province in the south. Zhejiang has a land area of 101,800 square meters and a coast line as long as more than 6,400 kilometers, which is the longest coast line in China. Hangzhou serves as the provincial capital of Zhejiang province.
Geography and climate
Zhejiang is a province dominated mostly by hills as which make up 70% of the total area. Besides, there are plains and valleys which account for 23.2%, and rivers and lakes accounting for 6.4% of the province. The eastern hills, southern mountains, northern plains and island in the eastern parts, all these diversified landforms get Zhejiang a rich topography feature. Also Zhejiang has the largest number of islands in China with the number of 3,061 islands.
Zhejiang has a subtropical monsoon climate with distinct monsoon features and four seasons. It has abundant sunshine and rainfalls over the year. As rainy days usually focus on the summer, spring and autumn are the most pleasant season to travel there.
Zhejiang has been one of the birthplaces of the Chinese civilization with a long history and many cultural and historic heritages and relics. Wu and Yue cultures are two local cultures originated and flourished in Zhejiang province and had played dominant roles in the ancient Spring and Autumn Period. Zhejiang has several types of highly developed dialects spoken, among which the Wu dialects have the most inhabitants. Operas in Zhejiang get a flourished development and are very popular in the local areas, like the prominent Yueju which is one of the most distinguished forms of Chinese opera, and others include Yongju, Shaoju, Ouju, Wuju, Taizhou Luantan and Zhuji Lunatan.
When mentioning tourism in China, Zhejiang never gets neglected because of its widely notable picturesque West Lake. Except the West Lake, Zhejiang has many other sites of natural beauties and historic attractions. Like the Mount Putuo, Mount Ynadang, Tiantai Mountain, Orchid Pavillion, Tianyi Pavilion, Grand Canal, Qiandao Lake, Guoqing Temple and the Surging Qiangtan Tides.