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Shaanxi Province is situated in the northwest of China. It adjoins Shanxi and Henna to the east, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region and Gansu to the west, Sichuan, Chongqing and Hubei to the south, and Inner Mongolia to the north. Because of its special geographical location, Shaanxi serves as an important place to link the east and the west and connect the north and the south. Shaanxi province covers a land of 205,600 square kilometers, and takes Xi'an as its capital city.

Geography and Climate

Geography of Shaanxi is generally high in the north and south, low in the central part. At the same time, it declines from the west to the east. Shaanxi is divided into three geographical regions by Beishan Mountains and Qing Mountains. The northern Shaanxi plateau which mainly consists of the Loess Plateau and Maowusu Desert; the central Shaanxi, or called Guanzhong, situated in the south of the Beishan Mountains and north of the Qinling Mountains; the southern Shaanxi part, referring to the region located in the south of the Qinling Mountains.

Because of the diversified geography, Shaanxi has a complicated climate system. The northern Shaanxi has a temperate arid and semi-arid climate with cold and dry winters, and hot summers; the central Shaanxi gets a semi-arid climate with cool to cold winters, and hot, humid summer; the southern Shaanxi belongs to a humid subtropical climate with temperate winters, and hot, humid summers.


Shaanxi is one of the birthplace of China western civilization. Xi'an, as one of the four ancient capitals in China, has a lot of historic and cultural heritages and relics. Qinqiang developed in Shaanxi is one of the four oldest and most extensive Chinese opera.


Tourism in Shaanxi is widely famed mainly by its places of historic and cultural interest, thus Shaanxi is called a natural history museum. Famous sites and attractions are Mausoleum of Qin Shi Huang and his Terracotta Army, the Bell Tower and Drum Tower, the Giant Wild Goose Pagoda and Small Wild Goose Pagoda, the Stele Forest, the Famen Temple, the Qinling Mausoleum, Mount Hua, Mount Taibai, Huaqing Hot Springs, Daming Palace National Heritage Park and so on.
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